The global high performance computing market size is expected to reach USD 53.6 billion by 2027, expanding at a CAGR of 6.5% from 2020 to 2027, according to a study conducted by Grand View Research, Inc. High-performance computing can be categorized into High Performance Technical Computing (HPTC) and High Performance Business Computing (HPBC). HPTC is highly used in the fields of science and engineering. It is particularly used by government agencies, defense agencies, educational and research institutions, and incumbents of the manufacturing industry, among others. On the other hand, HPBC is suitable for applications such as gaming and fraud detection. Logistics companies and providers of financial services, among others, also opt for HPBC. The rising popularity of High Performance Computing (HPC) systems among manufacturing companies, government departments, and defense agencies are particularly fueling the growth of the market.
High-performance computing systems envisage a cluster of computers that can run long algorithms and solve complex problems and equations at speeds and accuracies higher than those offered by the conventional computing systems. Previously, HPC systems were used only by the navigation and aerospace industries. However, diversification of the IT industry, growing adoption of cloud computing, continuous developments in artificial intelligence, and rising need for business analytics are prompting various end-use industries to adopt HPC systems.
Data centers particularly require an architecture capable of processing large volumes of data. HPC systems can ensure adequate computing power for such data centers. Various other organizations also adopt HPC systems to process their data at higher speeds and accuracies and simplify their complex business procedures. Research and academic institutions have also started adopting HPC systems to ensure the computational efficiency required during the initial stages of research.
High computational capabilities offered by HPC systems have paved the way to execute high-end research projects that were previously deemed impossible. As such, HPC systems can be helpful in several fields, including computational biology, genetics, medicine, structural analysis, geophysics statistics, electromagnetism, nuclear physics, astrophysics, and mathematical modeling. Similarly, high efficiency offered by HPC systems can help researchers in undertaking research activities in various fields, such as deep neural networks, human genome mapping and modeling, and artificial intelligence.
Vendors of HPC systems are increasingly focusing on delivering enhanced solutions that can cater to various requirements. These solutions may include basic configurations and management tools that are easy to deploy and are capable of adapting to the changing workloads. Although the application portfolio of HPC systems is growing continuously, the looming lack of awareness about HPC systems, budget constraints at small- and medium-sized enterprises, and concerns over the security of data are some of the factors hindering the growth of the market.
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Further key findings from the report suggest:
- The on-premise deployment segment held the largest revenue share in 2019. The cloud segment is expected to expand at the highest CAGR of 7.6% over the forecast period owing to the benefits such as cost-effectiveness, scalability, ease of deployment, and stronger security associated with cloud deployment
- The government and defense end-use segment held the largest revenue share in 2019 and is expected to expand at the highest CAGR over the forecast period. The growth can be attributed to the growing adoption of HPC systems in surveillance, aircraft simulation, and encryption and decryption of confidential information
- North America is anticipated to witness significant growth over the forecast period. New supercomputing facilities are coming up in the region in line with the advances in technology, which bodes well for the growth of the regional market. The U.S. is already home to the top 5 supercomputers. The U.S. held the largest share of over 70.0% in 2019 and is expected to maintain its lead over the forecast period
- Market players are entering into partnerships and collaborations with each other as part of their efforts to strengthen their position in the market. For instance, in September 2019, Intel Corporation announced that it had entered into a strategic partnership with Oracle. According to the partnership, Oracle would integrate capabilities of Intel’s Optane DC persistent memory into its next-generation platforms.